space syntax is a theory of space and a set of analytical, quantitative and descriptive tools for analysing the layout of space in buildings and cities. By learning to control the spatial variable at the level of the complex patterns of space that make up the city, it is possible to gain insights into both the social antecedents and consequences of spatial form in the physical city or in buildings ranging from houses to any complex building.
Hillier, B. & Hanson, J. (1984), The Social Logic of Space, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. pp.48-51